The windmill is of particular interest as it makes plain why, for a period of about 15-20 years, Anglesey’s copper mining eclipsed that of Cornwall as they didn’t have to spend quite so much time and money pumping water out of the ground to get at the ore.
I have finally completed my itinerary to visit North Wales to kick start a new phase of my copper research.
It is a long way from west Cornwall to north-west Wales. I lament that the once regular costal shipping serving the western Atlantic ports of the Celtic Sea and Irish Sea would have provided a much more atmospheric arrival into Bangor or Amlwch. Then again, I may have ended up ship-wrecked, like so many did, often close to home port.
Railing through industrial heartlands
Instead I will be travelling via mid-nineteenth century routes on the railways. Starting at the end of the Great Western line in Penzance, up to Birmingham (synonymous with copper mogul Matthew Boulton), thence to Crewe and Bangor. My return trip wends me to Wolverhampton, home of art metalware and the famous Bilston enamels.
I will be spending a few days in Bangor University Archives thoroughly going through the records of Williams and Grenfell’s Copper Smelting Firm, 1829-1834. It is in this collection that the rare Ticketing documents are found, and on which I have been conducing some preliminary research. Continue reading